BHR Timeline

History is a critical component of learning, not only about yourself but also about the world around you. Here, we will trace Black people’s history in the United States beginning in 1619 to the present. I hope that this timeline will help to give you a foundation in which to start your quest for learning Black history.

Side Note:
Since Black history is vast, this timeline highlights only a snippet of events that have happened throughout time.

 


Black History Timeline

1955

Brown vs. Board of Education

Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka was a pivotal Supreme Court case. The Court ruled that segregation in public schools was unconstitutional. This ruling led to the desegregation of public schools in the US.

1947

Jackie Robinson Joins Major League Baseball

Jackie Robinson becomes the first African American to play major league baseball in the modern era. He played with the Brooklyn Dodgers.

1941

The First African American Blood Bank

Charles Drew, an African American physician, creates the first blood bank for African American people.

1926

Negro History Week

The Association for the Study of African American Life and History’s (ASALH) founder, Dr. Carter G. Woodson, introduces Negro History Week. Negro History Week later evolves into an entire month of celebration called Black History Month and is celebrated during February.

1917

World War I

When World War I began, there were over 20,000 African Americans that enlisted in the war. After the Selective Service Act, over 700,000 additional African Americans registered for the draft. Many of the enlistees wanted to show their patriotism and get recognized as full citizens.  

1915

ASALH is Founded

Dr. Carter G. Woodson found the Association for the Study of Negro Life and History in 1915. It is now known as the Association for the Study of African American Life and History.

1909

NAACP is Founded

The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) is founded in New York City as a civil rights organization.

1896

Plessy vs. Ferguson

In the landmark Plessy vs. Ferguson case, the US Supreme Court upholds racial segregation under the ‘separate but equal’ doctrine.

1879

Great Migration

Large numbers of African Americans migrated from the deep South to the West and North in search of better opportunities after being freed from enslavement.

1865

Black Codes

Throughout the South, after the Civil War, ‘Black Codes’ are passed which imposed harsh punishments to Black people who stepped out of line.

Rise of the Ku Klux Klan

To maintain white supremacy in the South, following the end of slavery, and to keep Black people in a subservient role the Ku Klux Klan was formed.

The Freedmen’s Bureau

Congress establishes the Freedmen’s Bureau to assist newly freed men and women immediately following the Civil War.

Civil War Ends

The Confederate army surrenders to the Union Army in Appomattox, Virginia, ending the Civil War. Over 180,000 African Americans served in the Union Army representing 9% – 10% of the Union army.

1863

Emancipation Proclamation

The Emancipation Proclamation was issued by President Abraham Lincoln, freeing all enslaved men, women, and children living Confederate states.

1862

Black Soldiers Join the Fight

Congress authorizes the enlistment of African Americans for military service in the Union Army to help fight in the Civil War.

1861

The Civil War Begins

The Confederate army attacks Union soldiers at Fort Sumter in South Carolina marked the beginning of the Civil War.

1859

John Brown’s Raid

In Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, John Brown, and a group of men seized the U.S. Armory with plans to ignite a slave revolt.

1857

The Dred Scott Decision

The Dred Scott vs. Sanford decision by the Supreme Court (a 6 – 3 vote) denies citizenship rights to enslaved African Americans. Also, it states that Congress doesn’t have the power to ban slavery in the U.S. territories and decrees that slaves were not free when taken into free territory.

1852

Uncle Tom’s Cabin

Harriett Beecher Stowe publishes the first edition of Uncle Tom’s Cabin.

1851

Sojourner Truth

At the National Women’s Suffrage Convention, in Akron, Ohio, Sojourner Truth gives her famous Ain’t I A Woman speech.

1850

The Fugitive Slave Act of 1850

Congress passes the second Fugitive Slave Act making it a criminal offense to harbor a runaway enslaved person or prevent her/him from being apprehended.

1849

Harriett Tubman Escapes

Harriett Tubman escapes from slavery in Maryland; however, she later returned many a time to slaveholding states to bring others to freedom.

Citations:

Bio.com. Accessed August 18, 2016. http://www.biography.com/people/shirley-chisholm-9247015.

Bracks, Lean’tin L., and Jessie Carney Smith. African American Almanac: 400 Years of Triumph, Courage and Excellence. Visible Ink Press, 2011.

Brooks, Christopher Antonio, and Benjamin Todd Jealous. The African American Almanac. Farmington Hills, MI: Gale Cengage Learning, 2011.

History.com Staff. “Hurricane Katrina.” History.com. 2009. Accessed August 18, 2016. http://www.history.com/topics/hurricane-katrina.

“Meet the Attorney General.” U.S. Department of Justice. Accessed August 10, 2016. https://www.justice.gov/ag/meet-attorney-general.

“President Barack Obama.” The White House. 2014. Accessed August 18, 2016. https://www.whitehouse.gov/administration/president-obama.